Do Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation Affect the Human Brain?
Dept of Radiation Psychoneurology, Institute for Clinical Radiology, State Institution “Research Centre for Radiation Medicine of Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine”, 53 Melnikov Str., Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine, UA
The aim of this paper is to analyze the current evidence on radiocerebral effects following exposure to <5 Sv. Dose-related cognitive and neurophysiological abnormalities among prenatally exposed children after the Chernobyl accident at gestation ages of +8 weeks were revealed at >20 mSv on the fetus and >300 mSv on the thyroid in utero; at 16-25 weeks, abnormalities were >10 mSv and >200 mSv, respectively. In adults, radiation-associated cerebrovascular effects were obtained at >0.15-0.25 Sv. Dose-related neuropsychiatric, neurophysiological, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging abnormalities following exposure to >0.3 Sv and neurophysiological and neuroimaging radiation markers at doses >1 Sv were revealed. Studies on radiation neuropsychiatric effects should be undertaken.