It is important that the correct list of authors is attributed to an article from the start of the submission process. Author lists with the incorrect information can result in academic or financial implications, whilst also providing the reader with the wrong information on where the responsibility and accountability for the published work should lie.
All authors listed on a submission must have given prior approval to have their name attributed to the file(s) that are being submitted and agree to the publication. The corresponding author has responsibility to ensure that all authors qualify for, and have agreed to, authorship of the submission. They are also responsible for informing all co-authors of relevant editorial information during the review process.
Our recommendations are based on the ICMJE criteria for authorship. Authors must have:
Those that meet some but do not meet all of the above criteria should be acknowledged in the publication but not listed as an author. Examples that do not qualify for authorship but should be acknowledged are sources of funding, supervision of research groups, administrative support, language editing and proof reading. Written permission should be obtained from those being acknowledged, as in some cases being named in such a way may be seen as an endorsement of the publication.
In addition, all authors should include appropriate details of their perspective and background in the author description. They must meet the journal's expectations addressed in The CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance and provide evidence of the care taken towards engagement with Indigenous communities, including appropriate attribution, appropriate access, and ideally Indigenous authorship.